Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística

Português Español
A- A+

Minimum Social Indicators

Demographic Aspects - General Information

 

Brazil and its Major Regions Total Population Projection Annual Growth Rate (1) Urbanization Rate (1) Sex Ratio Dependence Ratio
Brazil 165,371,493 1.4 78.4 95.9 55.5
North 12,342,627 2.4 62.4 96.1 69.0
Northeast 46,995,094 1.1 65.2 98.3 62.6
Southeast 70,190,565 1.4 89.3 98.1 49.9
South 24,546,983 1.2 77.2 97.5 51.6
Central West 11,296,224 2.2 84.4 97.7 52.3

Source: IBGE/DPE/Departamento de População e Indicadores Sociais. Divisão de Estudos e Análises da Dinâmica Demográfica. Projeto UNFPA/BRASIL (BRA/98/P08) - Sistema Integrado de Projeções e Estimates Populacionais e Indicadores Sócio-demográficos.

(1) Data of 1996 remain.

  Definitions of the indicators

  Notes on the indicators

 

Brazil and its Major Regions General Information
Total fertility rate (1) Life expectancy at birth (2) Infant mortality rate/thousand (2) Child mortality rate/thousand (3)
Both Sexes Men Women
Brazil 2.33 68.4 64.6 72.3 34.8 60.7
North 3.14 68.2 65.3 71.4 32.7 -
Northeast 2.59 65.5 62.4 68.5 52.8 96.4
Southeast 2.10 69.4 65.0 74.1 25.7 36.7
South 2.16 70.8 67.1 74.8 22.8 35.2
Central West 2.15 69.1 66.0 72.7 26.1 41.1

(1) Source: IBGE/DPE/Departamento de População e Indicadores Sociais. Divisão de Estudos e Análises da Dinâmica Demográfica. Projeto UNFPA/BRASIL (BRA/98/P08) - Sistema Integrado de Projeções e Estimates Populacionais e Indicadores Sócio-demográficos.

(2) Estimates for 1999 extracted from the document IBGE/DPE/DEPIS "projeção da população das Grandes Regiões por sexo e idade 1991 - 2020".

(3) Estimates obtained by applying indirect demographic techniques concerning mortality to the survival data of children born alive provided by women and collected by PNAD 1996. Due to aspects related to the technique used, the results of these estimates refer, on average, to the period 1993/94 and not to 1996.

  Definitions of the indicators

  Notes on the indicators (Life expectancy at birth)

 

Brazil and its Major Regions Infant and child mortality rates (1) by sex and color
Infant mortality rate / thousand Child mortality rate / thousand (2)
Men Women Men Women
Brazil 39.4 30.0 65.5 56.0
North 37.8 27.3 - -
Northeast 58.9 46.3 105.7 86.1
Southeast 29.7 21.5 41.4 32.0
South 25.9 19.6 36.2 29.6
Central West 28.8 23.4 46.1 34.9
 
  White Black and brown White Black and brown
Brazil 37.3 62.3 45.7 76.1
North - - - -
Northeast 68.0 96.3 82.8 102.1
Southeast 25.1 43.1 30.9 52.7
South 28.3 38.9 34.8 47.7
Central West 27.8 42.0 31.1 51.4

Source: IBGE/DPE/Departamento de População e Indicadores Sociais. Divisão de Estudos e Análises da Dinâmica Demográfica. Projeto UNFPA/BRASIL (BRA/98/P08) - Sistema Integrado de Projeções e Estimates Populacionais e Indicadores Sócio-demográficos.

(1) Estimates obtained by applying indirect demographic techniques concerning mortality to the survival data of children born alive provided by women and collected by PNAD 1996. Due to aspects related to the technique used, the results of these estimates refer, on average, to the period 1993/94 and not to 1996.

(2) Data of 1996 remain.

  Definitions of the indicators

 

Brazil and its Major Regions Current use of some contraceptive methods among women (between 15 and 49 years of age) who live with a partner - 1996 (1)
Some method Female sterilization Male sterilization (2) Pills No method
Brazil 76.7 40.1 2.4 20.7 23.3
North 72.3 51.3 - 11.1 27.7
Northeast 78.2 43.9 0.4 12.7 31.8
Southeast 77.8 38.8 2.6 21.8 22.2
South 80.3 29.0 3.5 34.1 19.7
Central West 84.5 59.5 1.8 16.1 15.5
Rio de Janeiro 83.0 46.3 1.0 22.5 17.0
São Paulo 78.8 33.6 5.3 21.4 21.2

Source: Brasil: Pesquisa Nacional sobre Demografia e Saúde de 1996, Rio de Janeiro: Sociedade Civil Bem-Estar no Brasil, 1997

(1) Data of 1996 remain.

(2) Based on the answers given by the women surveyed, including methods adopted by their partners.

 

Brazil and Major Regions Population distribution by color or race (1) (%) - 1999
White Black Brown Yellow Indian
Brazil 54.0 5.4 39.9 0.5 0.2
North (2) 28.0 2.3 68.3 0.2 0.9
Northeast 29.7 5.6 64.5 0.1 0.1
Southeast 64.0 6.7 28.4 0.8 0.1
South 83.6 3.0 12.6 0.5 0.2
Central West 46.2 3.5 49.4 0.4 0.5

Source: Pesquisa nacional por amostra de domicílios 1999 [CD-ROM], Microdados, Rio de Janeiro: IBGE, 2000.

(1) Except persons who did not declare thier color.

(2) Except the rural population of Rondônia, Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Pará and Amapá.